Spay your Dog or Cat to avoid Pyometra

Categories: Wellness & Care

female dog and cat emergencyPyometra is one possible condition that can occur when a female dog or cat is not spayed. Simply translated, Pyometra is an emergency situation in which there is an infection causing puss in the uterus.

How does it happen?

Pyometra occurs after the heat cycle for a female dog or cat. With her cervix open, fecal matter can seep in through the vulva. Once the heat cycle is over, the cervix closes trapping the bacteria inside and the uterus becomes the perfect environment for bacteria to grow.

What are the signs?

Signs of a Pyometra include extreme lethargy, lack of appetite, fever, increased water intake, and possible (but not always) leaking of puss from the vulva. If you notice any of these signs, it is best to call your veterinarian and get the pet seen as soon as possible

How do you diagnose a Piometra?

Typically x-rays and/or an ultrasound are performed to check for fluid buildup. Bloodwork will also be done to check the level of infection inside the pet. Untreated, the uterus can rupture, spreading the bacteria throughout the pet’s body and increasing the level of severity.

What is the treatment?

The only treatment for Pyometra is surgery to remove the pet’s uterus. This type of surgery can be lengthy and costly  due to the severity of the condition. If surgery is not performed and the uterus does rupture, the bacteria will spread throughout the body and they procedure becomes more extensive and there is a risk of the infection spreading.


Protecting your dog or cat from this type of emergency is very easy- simply have her spayed before she is one year old or preferably at 6 months of age.  For more information about spaying your pet, please visit: